Goa in Indian History

The written references to Goa and its capital:
• Gubio (given by the Sumerian King Gudea of Lagash).
• Aparanta, Gomanta, Govarashtra, Goparastra, Govapuri, Gopakapuri, Gopakapattana, Gove (given by Indians).
• Chersonesus/Nelikinda (Periplus), Nekanidon (Pliny), Melinda/Tricadiba Insula (Ptolemy), Nincilda (Peutingerian Tables), Sibo (given by Greeks).
• Guvah, Sindabur, Chintabur, Cintabor (given by Arabs).

The Empires or Kingdoms that controlled Goa:
• Mauryas (3rd century B.C.)
• Kshatrapas (2-4th century A.D.)
• Abhiras, Batpuras, and Bhojas (4-6th century A.D.)
• Chalukyas (6-8th century A.D.)
• Rastrakutas (8-10th century A.D.)
• Shilaharas of South Konkana (10th century A.D.)
• Kadambas (1000 A.D. – 1334 A.D.)
• Local Feudatories (1334 A.D. – 1350 A.D.)
• Vijayanagara Empire (1380 A.D. -1470 A.D.)
• Bahamanis (1350 A.D. -1380 A.D. and 1470 A.D. – 1510 A.D.)
• Portuguese (Nov.25th 1510 A.D. – Dec.19th 1961 A.D.)
• British (1797 A.D. – 1813 A.D.)

The Rulers:

**Shilaharas (770 A.D. – 1020 A.D.)**
• Sanaphulla (765 A.D. – 795 A.D.)
• Dhamnura (795 A.D. – 820 A.D.)
• Aiyyapparaja (820 A.D. – 845 A.D.)
• Avasara I (845 A.D. – 870 A.D.)
• Avasara II (895 A.D. – 920 A.D.)
• Indrasaja (920 A.D. – 945 A.D.)
• Bhima (945 A.D. – 970 A.D.)
• Avasara III (970 A.D. – 995 A.D.)
• Rattaraja (995 A.D. – 1020 A.D.)

**Kadambas of Goa (966 A.D. – 1334 A.D.)**
• Kautakacharya (??-??)
• Nagavarma (??-??)
• Guhuladeva I (??-??)
• Shashtadeva I (??-??)
• Chaturbhuja (966 A.D. – 980A.D.)
• Guhuladeva II (980 A.D. – 1005 A.D.)
• Shashtadeva II (1005 A.D. – 1050 A.D.)
• Jayakeshi I (1050 A.D. – 1080 A.D.)
• Guhuladeva III (1080 A.D. – 1100 A.D.)
• Vijayaditya I (1100 A.D. – 1104 A.D.)
• Jayakeshi II (1104 A.D. – 1148 A.D.)
• Shivachitta/Permadi* (1148 A.D. – 1181 A.D.)
• Vishnuchitta Vijayaditya* (1148 A.D. – 1188 A.D.)
• Jayakeshi III (1188 A.D. – 1216 A.D.)
• Tribhuvanamalla/ Soyideva (1216 A.D. – 1238 A.D.)
• Shashtadeva III (1246 A.D. – 1260 A.D.)
• Kamadeva (1260 A.D. – 1311 A.D.)
• Son of Kamadeva (1311 A.D. – 1328 A.D.)
• Grandson of Kamadeva (1328 A.D. – 1334 A.D.)

The Portuguese Governor Generals of Goa:
• D. Francisco de Almeida [1505-1509] ~ King, Manuel I [since 1495]
• Afonso de Albuquerque [1509-1515] —–
• Lopo Soares de Albergaria [1515-1518] —–
• Diago Lopes de Sequeira [1518-1522] ~ King, Joao III [since 1521]
• D. Duarte de Menezes [1522-1524] —–
• D. Vasco da Gama [1524] —–
• D. Henrique de Menezes [1524-1526] —–
• Lopo Vas de Sampaio [1526-1529] —–
• Nuno da Cunha [1529-1538] —–
• D. Garcia de Noronha [1538-1540] —–
• D. Estevao da Gama [1540-1542] —–
• Martim Afonso de Sousa [1542-1545] —–
• D. Joao de Castro [1545-1548] —–
• Garcia de Sa [1548-1549] —–
• Jorge Cabral [1549-1550] —–
• D. Afonso de Noronha [1550-1554] —–
• D. Pedro Mascarenhas [1554-1555] —–
• Francisco Barreto [1555-1558] ~ King, Sebastiao [since 1557]
• D. Constantino de Braganca [1558-1561] —–
• D. Francisco Coutinho [1561-1564] —–
• Joao de Mendonca [1564] —–
• Antonio de Noronha [1564-1568] —–
• D. Luis de Ataide [1568-1571] —–
• D. Antonio de Noronha [1571-1573] —–
• Antonio Monez Barreto [1573-1576] —–
• D. Diogo de Menezes [1576-1578] —–
• D. Luis de Ataide [1578-1581] ~ Cardinal, Henrique & King, Antonio
• Ferrao Teles de Menezes [1581] ~ King, Filipe I
• D. Francisco Mascarenhas [1581-1584] —–
• D. Duarte de Menezes [1584-1588] —–
• Manuel de Sousa Coutinho [1588-1591] —–
• Matias de Albuquerque [1591-1597] —–
• D. Francisco da Gama [1597-1600] ~ King, Filipe II [since 1598]
• Aries de Saldanha [1600-1605] —–
• D. Martim Afonso e Castro [1605-1607] —–
• D. Frei Aleixo de Menezes [1608-1609] —–
• Andre Furtado de Mendonca [1609] —–
• Rui Lourenco de Tavora [1609-1612] —–
• D. Jeronima de Azevedo [1612-1617] —–
• D. Joao Coutinho [1617-1619] —–
• Ferrao de Albuquerque [1619-1622] ~ King, Filipe III [since 1621]
• D. Francisco da Gama [1622-1628] —–
• D. Frei Luis de Brito [1628-1629] —–
• Nonu Alvares Botelho [1629] —–
• D. Minguel de Noronha [1629-1635] —–
• Pedro da Silva [1635-1639] —–
• Antonio Teles de Menezes [1639-1640] —–
• Joao da Silva Telo de Menezes [1640-1645] ~ King, Joao IV
• D. Filipe Mascarenhas [1645-1651] —–
• D. Frei Francisco dos Martires [1651-1652] —–
• D. Vasco Mascarenhas [1652-1653] —–
• D. Bras de Castro [1653-1655] —–
• D. Rodrigo da Silveira [1655-1656] —–
• Manuel Mascarenhas Homem [1656] —–
• Manuel Mascarenhas Homem Francisco de Melo [1656-1661] ~ King, Afonso VI
• Luis de Mendonca Furtado [1661-1662] —–
• Antonio de Melo de Castro [1662-1666] —–
• Joao Nunes da Cunha [1666-1668] —–
• Antonio de Melo de Castro [1668-1671] —–
• Luis de Mendonca Furtado [1671-1677] —–
• D. Pedro de Almeida [1677-1678] —–
• D. Frei Antonio Brandao [1678-1681] —–
• Francisco de Tavora [1681-1686] ~ King Pedro II [since 1683]
• D. Rodrigo da Costa [1686-1690] —–
• D. Miguel de Almeida [1690-1691] —–
• D. Frel Agostinho de Anunciacao [1691-1692] —–
• D. Pedro Antonio de Noronha [1693-1698] —–
• Antonio Luis Goncalves da Camara Coutinho [1698-1701] —–
• D. Frei Agostinho de Anunciacao [1701-1702] —–
• Caetano de Melo de Castro [1702-1707] ~ King, Joao V [since 1706]
• D. Rodrigo da Casto [1707-1712] —–
• Vasco Fernandes Cesar de Menezes [1712-1717] —–
• D. Sebastiao de Andrade Pessanha [1717] —–
• D. Luis de Menezes [1717-1720] —–
• Francisco Jose de Sampaio e Castro [1720-1723] —–
• D. Cristovao de Melo [1723] —–
• D. Inacio de Santa Tereza [1723-1725] —–
• Joao de Saldanha da Gama [1725-1732] —–
• D. Inacio de Santa Tereza [1732] —–
• D. Pedro Mascarenhas [1732-1741] —–
• D. Luis de Menezes [1741-1742] —–
• D. Francisco de Vasconcelos [1742-1744] —–
• D. Pedro Miguel de Almeida Portugal [1744-1750] —–
• Francisco de Assiz de Tavora [1750-1754] ~ King, Jose I
• D. Luis de Mascarenhas [1754-1756] —–
• D. Antonio de Neiva Brum da Silveira [1756-1758] —–
• Manuel de Saldanha de Albuquerque [1758-1765] —–
• D. Antonio de Neiva Brum da Silveira [1765-1768] —–
• D. Joao Jose de Melo [1768-1774] —–
• Filip de Valadres Souto Maior [1774] —–
• D. Jose Pedro da Camara [1774-1779] ~ Queen, Maria [since 1777]
• D. Frederico Guilherine de Sousa [1779-1786] —–
• Francisco da Cunha e Menezes [1786-1794] —–
• Francisco Veiga Cabral [1794-1807] —–
• Bernardo Jose da Lorana [1807-1816] —–
• D. Diago de Sousa [1816-1821] ~ King, Joao VI
• Manuel Jose Gomes Loureiro [1821] —–
• D. Manuel da Camara [1821-1822] —–
• D. Manuel de Camara [1822-1825] —–
• D. Frei Manuel de S Galdino [1825-1826] ~ King, Pedro IV
• D. Manuel de Portugal e Castro [1826-1835] ~ Queen, Maria II
• Bernardo Peres da Silva [1835] —–
• Joaquim Manuel Correia da Silva e Gama [1835-1837] —–
• Joao Casimiro Perira da Rocha [1835-1837] —–
• Simao Infanta de Lacerda [1837-1838] —–
• D. Antonio de Santa Rita de Carvalho [1838-1839] —–
• Jose Antonio Vieira da Fonseca [1839] —–
• Manuel Jose Mendes [1839-1840] —–
• Jose Antonio Vieira da Fonseca [1840] —–
• Jose Joaquim Lopes da Lima [1840-1842] —–
• Antonio Ramalho de Sa [1840-1842] —–
• Francisco Xavier Pereira da Silva [1842-1843] —–
• Joaquim Mourao Garcez Palha [1843-1844] —–
• Jose Ferreira Pastana [1844-1851] —–
• Jose Joaquim Januario Lapa [1851-1855] ~ King, Pedro V [since 1853]
• Frei de Santa Rita Botelho [1855] —–
• Antonio Cesar de Vasconcelos Correia [1855-1864] ~ King, Luis I [snce 1861]
• Jose Ferreira Pastana [1864-1870] —–
• Januario Correia de Almeida [1870-1871] —–
• Joaquim Jose Macedo e Couto [1871-1875] —–
• Joao Tavares de Almeida [1875-1877] —–
• D. Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos [1877] —–
• Antonio Sergio de Souza [1877-1878] —–
• D. Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos [1878] —–
• Caetano Alexandre de Almeid e Albuquerque [1878-1882] —–
• Carlos Eugenio Correia da Silva [1882-1885] —–
• D. Antonio Sebastiao Valente [1886] —–
• Francisco Joaquim Ferreira do Amaral [1886] —–
• D. Antonio Sebastiao Valente [1886] —–
• Augusto Cesar Cardosa de Carvalho [1886-1889] —–
• D. Antonio Sebastiao Valente [1889] —–
• Vasco Guedes de Carvalho e Menezes [1889-1891] ~ King, Carlos I
• Francisco Maria da Cunha [1891] —–
• D. Antonio Sebastiao Valente [1892] —–
• Francisco Teixeira da Silva [1892-1893] —–
• Luis Fisher Berquo Pocas Falcao [1893] —–
• Rafael Jacomo Lopes de Andrade [1893-1894] —–
• D. Antonio Sebastiao Valente [1894] —–
• Elesbao J. Betencourt Lapa [1894-1895] —–
• D. Antonio Sebastiao Valente [1895] —–
• Rafael Jacomo Lopes de Andrade [1895-1896] —–
• D. Afonso Henrique [1896] —–
• Joao Antonio de Brissac das Neves Ferreira [1896-1897] —–
• D. Antonio Sebastiao Valente [1897] —–
• Joaquim Jose Machado [1897-1900] —–
• D. Antonio Sebastiao Valente [1900] —–
• Eduardo Agusto Rodrigues Galhardo [1900-1905] —–
• D. Antonio Sebastiao Valente [1905] —–
• Arnaldo de Novais Guedes Rebelo [1905-1907] —–
• Bernardo Nunes Garcia [1907] —–
• Jose Maria de Sousa Horta e Costa [1907-1910] ~ King, Manuel II [since 1908]
• Francisco Manuel Couceiro da Costa [1910-1917] ~ Pr. Teófilo Braga
• Francisco Manuel de Oliveira e Silva [1917] ~ Pr. Manuel de Arriaga [since 1915]
• Jose de Freitas Ribeira [1917] ~ Pr. Bernadino Machado [since 1915]
• Jaime Alberto De Castro Moraes [1919-1925] ~ Pr. Antonio Jose de Almeida
• Mariano Martins [1925-1926] ~ Pr. Bernadino Machado
• Pedro Francisco Massano De Amorim [1926-1929] ~ Pr. Oscar Carmona
• Joao Carlos Craveiro Lopes [1929-1936] —–
• Jose Ricardo Pereira Cabral [1938-1945] —–
• Jose Solvestre Ferreira Bossa [1946-1947] —–
• Fernando De Quintanilha E Mendonca Dias [1948-1952] ~ Pr. Craveiro Lopes (since 1951)
• Paulo Bernando Guedes [1952-1958] —–
• Manuel Antonio Vassalo E Silva [1958-1961] ~ Pr. Americo Tomas

Main historical events of Goa:
• 1000 B.C. – 96 families of Gauda Saraswat Brahmins settled in Goa.
• 300 B.C. – Mauryan Emperor Ashoka the Great annexed Goa into his empire.
• 400 A.D. – Kadambas of Banavasi conquered Goa.
• 600 A.D. – Chalukyas of Badami Occupied Goa.
• 1049 A.D. – Kadambas shift their capital from Chandrapura to Gopakapattana.
• 1312 A.D. – Malik Kafir of Delhi defeated Kadambas and set fire to Gopakapattana.
• 1327 A.D. – Mohammed-Bin-Tuglak destroyed Goa.
• 1334 A.D. – The end of the Kadamba Dynasty.
• 1350 A.D. – Founder of Muslim Bahamani Kingdom, Hasan Gangu occupied Goa.
• 1380 A.D. – Minister of Vijayanagara Empire, Vidyaranga Madhava defeated Hasan Gangu in order to conquer Goa.
• 1470 A.D. – Minister of Bahamani Kingdom, Mohammed Gawan won Goa.
• 1510 A.D. – Afonso de Albuquerque of Portugal took control of City Ela.
• 1510 A.D. –Afonso abandoned the City Ela due to the siege of Sultan Adil Shah of Bijapur.
• 1510 A.D. – With the help of Hindu chieftain, Timmayya, Afonso again attacked City Ela and conquered her.
• 1515 A.D. – Portuguese Governor General Afonso de Albuquerque died in Goa.
• 1530 A.D. – Goa succeeded Cochin as the capital of Portuguese India.
• 1534 A.D. – Goa was declared as the centre of the Roman Church in the entire East.
• 1542 A.D. – St. Francis Xavier and the Jesuits arrived in Goa.
• 1543 A.D. – The Portuguese annexations of Salcette, Mormugao and Bardez with Ilhas formed the territory of Velhas Conquistas.
• 1556 A.D. – First printing press in Goa published the first book ‘Conclusionnes Philosophicas’.
• 1557 A.D. – An archbishopric was created in Goa.
• 1560 A.D. – An inquisition office was established in Goa.
• 1570 A.D. – Sultan of Bijapur made the last effort to defeat the Portuguese but failed.
• 1603 A.D. – The first blockade of Goa by the Dutch.
• 1622 A.D. – St. Francis Xavier was canonized by Pope Gregory XV.
• 1640 A.D. – The second blockade of Goa by the Dutch.
• 1653 A.D. – The revolt under the leadership of Fr. Mateus de Castro to overthrow the Portuguese rule was suppressed.
• 1683 A.D. – Maratha King Sambhaji attacked Goa.
• 1737 A.D. – Maratha King Sahu attacked Goa and conquered Bassein.
• 1741 A.D. – Marathas attacked again but were defeated by the Portuguese near Bardez.
• 1760 A.D. – Velha Goa lost its importance and Panjim held the seat of the government.
• 1763 A.D. – The Portuguese annexed Ponda, Quepem, Sanguem regions to Goa territory.
• 1764 A.D. – Canacona was added to Goa.
• 1787 A.D. – Unsuccessful ‘Pinto Revolt’ took place.
• 1788 A.D. – Pernem, Satari and Bicholim were added to Goa territory.
• 1797 A.D. – The beginning of the blockade of Goa by the British.
• 1812 A.D. – Inquisition was abolished.
• 1813 A.D. – The end of the blockade of Goa by the British.
• 1843 A.D. – Panjim officially became the capital of Goa.
• 1852 A.D. – The Ranes of Goa, under Dipali Rauji Rane Sardesai, launched the most successful revolt against the Portuguese.
• 1878 A.D. – The Mormugao seaport was opened to traffic.
• 1881 A.D. – Railway transportation system was established.
• 1895 A.D. – Unsuccessful revolt was launched by Dadaji Rauji Rane Sardesai.
• 1900 A.D. – The publication of Goa’s first daily paper, O Heraldo, began.
• 1912 A.D. – The final revolt of the Ranes.
• 1946 A.D. – Dr. Rammanohar Lohia conducted a Satyagraha in Margao, Goa.
• 1961 A.D. – Goa was liberated by the Indian Army under the mission named ‘Operation Vijay’.
• 1963 A.D. – The first assembly elections were held in Goa and Dayanand Bandodkar became the first chief minister of Goa.
• 1967 A.D. – The Goans voted in favor of not merging with the neighboring state Maharashtra.
• 1987 A.D. – Goa became the 25th state of Indian Union.
• 1992 A.D. – Konkani was declared as the official language of Goa State.

The churches built during the early Portuguese rule in Goa:
• Santa Catarina Cathedral: The largest church in Goa (1562 A.D. – 1619 A.D.).
• Church and Convent of Sao Francisco de Assis: This church was built in 1661 A.D.
• Chapel of Santa Catarina: This was built in 1552 A.D.
• Church and Convent of Sao Cajetan: The Theatins Italian Friars built this church in 1655-61 A.D.
• Basilica do Bom Jesus: This church was built in1594 A.D. – 1605 A.D. This is the richest church in Goa. In this church, the mortal remains of St. Francis Xavier are kept.
• Church and Convent of Santa Monica: This church was built in 1606 A.D. – 1627 A.D.
• Church of Cruz dos Milagres: This was built in 1671 A.D.

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Published in: on January 15, 2009 at 12:20 pm  Comments (1)  
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One CommentLeave a comment

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